Diagram Of The Human Brain


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The Structure Of The Brain

How to draw Human Brain step by step for Beginners !

The brain is like a group of experts. All the parts of the brain work together, but each part has its own special responsibilities. The brain can be divided into three basic units: the forebrain, the midbrain, and the hindbrain.

The hindbrain includes the upper part of the spinal cord, the brain stem, and a wrinkled ball of tissue called the cerebellum. The hindbrain controls the bodys vital functions such as respiration and heart rate.

The cerebellum coordinates movement and is involved in learned rote movements. When you play the piano or hit a tennis ball you are activating the cerebellum.

The uppermost part of the brainstem is the midbrain, which controls some reflex actions and is part of the circuit involved in the control of eye movements and other voluntary movements. The forebrain is the largest and most highly developed part of the human brain: it consists primarily of the cerebrum and the structures hidden beneath it .

When people see pictures of the brain it is usually the cerebrum that they notice. The cerebrum sits at the topmost part of the brain and is the source of intellectual activities. It holds your memories, allows you to plan, enables you to imagine and think. It allows you to recognize friends, read books, and play games.

The 4 Lobes Of The Cerebral Cortex Flashcards

The frontal lobe also contains the primary motor cortex, the major region responsible for voluntary movement. Those parts include: the cerebrum, cerebellum, limbic system, and brain stem. However, severe damage to the occipital lobe can result in a variety of visual problems including the loss of color recognition, visual hallucinations or illusions, problems recognizing objects, and difficulty understanding language. Collectively, your cerebral cortex is responsible for the higher-level processes of the human brain, including language, memory, reasoning, thought, learning, decision-making, emotion, intelligence and personality. Occipital lobe association areas help to facilitate memories associated with visuals to be retained as well as enabling us to think in a visual manner.

Human Brain Divisions And Their Functions

The brain acts as a center to receive, interpret and direct the information throughout the body. It is divided into three main divisions called the forebrain, midbrain and hindbrain. There are various areas and structures that make up these three division of the brain. Let us have a look at these areas and learn more about their functions.

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Diagram Of The Brain And Its Functions

We know what is the brain, we also know what it looks like but How does it work? How does it convert a whim into an electric signal? If these are the questions swirling in your brain, then this article detailing the diagram of the brain and its functions will definitely whet your appetite regarding brain functions and parts.

We know what is the brain, we also know what it looks like but How does it work? How does it convert a whim into an electric signal? If these are the questions swirling in your brain, then this article detailing the diagram of the brain and its functions will definitely whet your appetite regarding brain functions and parts.

Of all the human body systems, the nervous system is the most complicated system in the body. The brain is the central part of the nervous system. It is an intriguing organ, that has been studied right from the time it develops in the fetus. The human brain weighs about 1.5 kg in adults. The cerebrum, which forms the bulk of this organ, is divided into two hemispheres, the right hemisphere and the left hemisphere.

There are many ways of dividing the brain for studying its various aspects. However, it is conventionally divided into three parts: the forebrain, the midbrain and the hindbrain. The brain also contains four interconnected cavities called ventricles, which contain cerebrospinal fluid. We will study the diagram of the brain and its functions in this article, along with a detailed study of the brain anatomy.

Quick Facts About The Human Brain


Before we have a look at the brain diagram, it is important to go through a few facts about the brain and its function. This will help you understand the anatomy of the brain better.

The average dimension of the adult human brain is 5.5 inches in width and 6.5 inches in length. The height of the human brain is about 3.6 inches and it weighs about 4 to 5 lbs at birth and 3 lbs in adults. The total surface area of the cerebral cortex is about 2,500 cm2 and when stretched, it will cover the area of a night table.

The brain is composed of 77 to 78% water and 10 to 12% lipids. It contains 8% proteins 1% carbohydrates, 2% soluble organics and 1% insoluble salts.

More than half of the neurons in the brain are found in the cerebellum and only 10% neurons make up the brain. 85% of the brain is cerebral cortex, divided as, 41% frontal lobe, 22% temporal lobe, 19% parietal lobe and 18% occipital lobe. There are 186 million more neurons in the left hemisphere of the brain than the right hemisphere.

About 750 to 1000 ml of blood flow through the brain every minute. This means the blood volume is equal to 3 full soda cans! 94% of the oxygen consumed in the brain is taken up by the gray matter and only 6% by the white matter.

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Motor Output And Behavior

  • Motor skill a learned sequence of movements that combine to produce a smooth, efficient action in order to master a particular task. The development of motor skill occurs in the motor cortex, the region of the cerebral cortex in the brain that controls voluntary muscle groups. Covers developmental aspects and influences such as stress, arousal, fatigue, and vigilance.
  • Muscle memory the retention in the brain of memories of certain muscle movements, often enabling those specific movement to be duplicated in the future. Also termed motor learning, it is a form of procedural memory that involves consolidating a specific motor task into memory through repetition. When a movement is repeated over time, a long-term muscle memory is created for that task, eventually allowing it to be performed without conscious effort. This process decreases the need for attention and creates maximum efficiency within the motor and memory systems. Examples of muscle memory are found in many everyday activities that become automatic and improve with practice, such as riding a bicycle, typing on a keyboard, rote typing in a bank personal identification number , playing a melody or phrase on a musical instrument, playing video games, or performing different algorithms for a Rubik’s Cube.

Four Lobes Of Cerebral Cortex

Functional Regions of the Cerebral Cortex How do these lobes communicate or send signals? This area was more recently discovered to be involved in language comprehensive based on speech tones and sounds, linking them to previously learned sounds. These are known as gyri bumps and sulci groves or fissures. Basal ganglia – The Basal ganglia is located within the cerebral hemispheres which is located in the cerebral hemispheres. How to reference this article: How to reference this article: Guy-Evans, O. Occipital lobe – The occipital lobe is another one of the four main lobes of the cerebral cortex. The superior area is defined by the Sylvian fissure and the central sulcus, and the parietal-occipital fissure is known as the parietal cortex. In a study, it was discovered that those with chronic schizophrenia had reduced grey matter volumes in the visual association cortex, implying that some of the visual deficits experienced by those with schizophrenia can be attributed to the occipital lobes.

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Can We Build A Complete Wiring Diagram Of The Human Brain

Our brains are wondrous, incredible machines. They’re slower than the earliest personal computers in terms of raw processing power, yet capable of leaps of intuition and able to store a lifetime of memories that are cross-referenced and instantly-accessible at the slightest prompting. We know so very little about how they do these things, however. But imagine for a moment if we could build a complete wiring diagram of a human brain to map in detail every one of the hundred trillion or so synapses and roughly hundred billion neurons together with all the tiniest supporting mechanisms. What might that mean, and would it even be possible?

Keep thinking about that. We’ll come back to it in a bit. First let’s cover some more background. The functioning of a healthy brain relies on its network of neuronal connections. Multiple layers of connections and pathways, like the wires of an old mainframe computer, all add up to a single entity.

This network of connections has been called the “connectome” by scientists. To map it is essentially to build the brain’s wiring diagram. The human brain connectome has not yet been fully mapped at the cellular or the macro scale, though efforts to do the latter are much further along than the former which has only just even become possible .

The Human Brain Functions List:

Neuroscience Basics: Human Brain Anatomy and Lateralization of Brain Function, 3D Animation.

The master organ of your body, it is assigned a multitude of vital brain functions that are regulated and accomplished quite efficiently. The delicate spongy mass making up the brain is enclosed in a hard shell, the skull, beautifully placed at the top of your body.

What are human brain functions in the body? To list all the functions and responsibilities of this collection of billions of neurons, you need to compose a whole book.

From a mild feeling of touch to the complex phenomenon of sublime thoughts and critical decision-making capabilities, all fall under the domain of this central part of the Central Nervous System.

The higher functions of the brain are to be performed by the cerebral cortex, a highly developed region of the brain.

It contains four lobes, each assigned a specific task. Thus,the brain executes all the actions and processes involving the division of labour.

For the basic understanding of the subject, here follows a list of the human brain functions.

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Outline Of The Human Brain

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the human brain:

Human brain central organ of the nervous system located in the head of a human being, protected by the skull. It has the same general structure as the brains of other mammals, but with a more developed cerebral cortex than any other, leading to the evolutionary success of widespread dominance of the human species across the planet.

While the emphasis below is on physical brain structure, functional aspects are also included. Mind concepts , and cognitive and behavioral aspects, are introduced where they have at least a fairly direct connection to physical aspects of the brain, neurons, spinal cord, nerve networks, neurotransmitters, etc.

Structure Of The Human Brain

This major section covers the physical structure of the brain.

Isolating the brain from other structures

  • as a conduit for neurons communicating action information from brain outwards to motor muscles via motor neurons,
  • as a conduit for neurons communicating sensory information, from the senses inwards to the brain ,
  • as a center for coordinating certain automatic reflexes.
  • Cranial nerves

    • Many neurons connect to the brain on one end, with the other end connected to another neuron, with the outside junction located within the spinal column. Other neurons bundles which are labeled cranial nerves, connect to the brain on one end, and to locations outside the brain on the other, without having a junction inside the spinal column. Cranial nerves are actually huge collections of vast numbers of individual neurons that have found common routes through the body. They branch several times into smaller bundles which eventually reach many endpoints. With one exception, the optic nerve, they are all considered part of the peripheral nervous system.
    • Cranial nerve zero Controversial but commonly found nerve which is perhaps vestigial or may be somehow related to the sensing of pheromones.

    Significant components

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    Ventricles And Cerebrospinal Fluid

    Deep in the brain are four open areas with passageways between them. They also open into the central spinal canal and the area beneath arachnoid layer of the meninges.

    The ventricles manufacture cerebrospinal fluid, or CSF, a watery fluid that circulates in and around the ventricles and the spinal cord, and between the meninges. CSF surrounds and cushions the spinal cord and brain, washes out waste and impurities, and delivers nutrients.

    What Is The Gray Matter And White Matter

    The Human Brain: Facts, Anatomy, and Functions

    Gray and white matter are two different regions of the central nervous system. In the brain, gray matter refers to the darker, outer portion, while white matter describes the lighter, inner section underneath. In the spinal cord, this order is reversed: The white matter is on the outside, and the gray matter sits within.

    Gray matter is primarily composed of neuron somas , and white matter is mostly made of axons wrapped in myelin . The different composition of neuron parts is why the two appear as separate shades on certain scans.

    Each region serves a different role. Gray matter is primarily responsible for processing and interpreting information, while white matter transmits that information to other parts of the nervous system.

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    How Human Brain Functions Brain Functioning List With Diagram

    • Which part of the brain consolidates information from short-term memory to long-term memory?
    • How do you execute thinking and reasoning?
    • When do the non-fluent and fluent aphasias occur?
    • What is the location and function of the temporal lobe in the brain?
    • Is breathing a voluntary or involuntary brain function?

    Did you know if breathing were under your voluntary control, youd be unable to breathe during sleep, and die? Your brain is the most complex and, arguably, the most fragile organ of the body. It is the control centre for every single thing occurring in your body.

    It is guarded against damages by the four-tyre defence system, comprising the skull, the meninges, the fluid-filled membranes , and the blood-brain barrier.

    Diagram Of Human Brain: Location And Parts Of Brain

    Senior Content Specialist| Updated On -Oct 22, 2022

    The human brain is the root of our intelligence. It is the central unit of the human body, responsible for controlling physical functions, physiological processes, and cognitive skills. It regulates almost every element of the human body. The brain processes information coming from all the body parts. It works by sending and receiving messages to various regions of the body via neurons. The human brain has the same fundamental anatomy as most other mammals, but the human brain is bigger in size and more evolved than other mammalian brains. In this article, we will look at the diagram of the human brain and its various parts.

    Table of Content

    The brain is the source of human intelligence. The human brain is mostly made up of neurons, which are the basic building blocks of the brain and nervous system. According to recent estimates, the brain has anywhere from 86 billion to 100 billion neurons. On average, the brain in adult humans weighs between 1.0 kg and 1.5 kg.

    Human Brain Anatomy

    Our brain has two types of tissues which are discussed below:

    Human Brain Anatomy

    All the functions in the human body are controlled by the central nervous system which consists of the spinal cord and the brain. It regulates all the body parts, their movements, thoughts, emotions, and the overall functioning of the body.

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    Is Brain Size Linked To Intelligence

    Overall brain size doesn’t correlate with level of intelligence for non-human animals. For instance, the brain of a sperm whale is more than five times heavier than the human brain, but humans are considered to be of higher intelligence than sperm whales. A more accurate measure of an animal’s likely intelligence is the ratio between the size of the brain and body size, although not even that measure puts humans in first place: The tree shrew has the highest brain-to-body ratio of any mammal, according to BrainFacts.org, a website produced by the Society for Neuroscience.

    Among humans, brain size doesn’t indicate a person’s level of intelligence. Some geniuses in their field have smaller-than-average brains, while others have brains that are larger than average, according to Christof Koch, a neuroscientist and president of the Allen Institute for Brain Science in Seattle. For example, compare the brains of two highly acclaimed writers. The Russian novelist Ivan Turgenev’s brain was found to weigh 71 ounces , while the brain of French writer Anatole France weighed only 36 ounces .

    “The more complicated a brain gets, the more gyri and sulci, or wiggly hills and valleys, it has,” Holland told Live Science. Other intelligent animals, such as monkeys and dolphins, also have these folds in their cortex, whereas mice have smooth brains, he said.

    Main Lobes Of Cerebral Cortex

    Introduction: Neuroanatomy Video Lab – Brain Dissections

    What does the brain’s cerebral cortex do? Interoceptive awareness is the deep conscious awareness of the internal state of one’s body this is an advantage for human beings and is part of advanced consciousness. ADVERTISEMENTS: The following points highlight the four main lobes of cerebral cortex. Pneumonic to remember prefrontal lobe altered functions after prefrontal lobotomy: FEMALE LIP. It is located at the rear portion of the skull, behind Explain The Three Major Layers In The Brain the brain, the central core, the limbic system, cerebral cortex. The tester alternates using one point and two points on the area being tested e.

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